The objective of this course is to give students the most up-to-date information on the biological, personal, and societal relevance of sleep. Personal relevance is emphasized by the fact that the single best predictor of daytime performance is the quality of the previous night’s sleep. The brain actively generates sleep, and the first section of the course is an overview of the neurobiological basis of sleep control. The course provides cellular-level understanding of how sleep deprivation, jet lag, and substances such as alcohol, ,caffeine, and nicotine alter sleep and wakefulness. The second section of the course covers sleep-dependent changes in physiology and sleep disorders medicine. Particular emphasis will be placed on disorders of excessive sleepiness, insomnia, and sleep-dependent changes in autonomic control. Chronic sleep deprivation impairs immune function and may promote obesity. Deaths due to all causes are most frequent between 4:00 and 6:00 a.m., and this second section of the class highlights the relevance of sleep for preventive medicine. The societal relevance of sleep will be considered in the final section of the class. In an increasingly complex and technologically oriented society, operator-error by one individual can have a disastrous negative impact on public health and safety. Fatigue-related performance decrements are known to have contributed as causal factors to nuclear power plant failures, transportation disasters, and medical errors.
Section I – Neurobiology
Unit 01 - Course Overview - Ralph Lydic, Ph.D.
Unit 02 - Neurobiology of Sleep and Wakefulness - Helen Baghdoyan, Ph.D.
Unit 03 - Mathematical Modeling of Sleep-Wake Regulation - Victoria Booth, Ph.D.
Unit 04 - Molecular Biology and Genetics of Sleep - Chiara Cirelli, M.D., Ph.D.
Section II – Medicine
Unit 05 - Overview of Sleep Medicine - Ronald Chervin, M.D.
Unit 06 - Disordered Sleep and Breathing Alters Cardiovascular Health - Helena Schotland, M.D.
Unit 07 - Sleep and Psychiatric Disorders - Eric Nofzinger, M.D.
Unit 08 - Insomnia: Causes and Consequences - Christopher Drake, Ph.D.
Unit 09 - Treatments for Insomnia - J. Todd Arnedt, Ph.D.
Unit 10 - Sleep and Anesthesia - George Mashour, M.D.
Section III – Society
Unit 11 - Circadian Rhythms, Sleep, and Health - Theresa Lee, Ph.D.
Unit 12 - Daytime Sleepiness and Sleep Need - Thomas Roth, Ph.D.