太阳能:光伏(PV)能量转换

Solar Energy: Photovoltaic (PV) Energy Conversion

Learn how solar cells generate electricity, and about the semiconductor physics and optics required to design and manufacture solar cells.

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代尔夫特理工大学
edX
  • 完成时间大约为 12
  • 高级
  • 英语
注:因开课平台的各种因素变化,以上开课日期仅供参考

你将学到什么

The principles behind the potential loss mechanisms in photovoltaic devices

The semiconductor physics necessary to understand solar cell performance and engineering

The optics and light management tools necessary for optimal solar cell design

To model all aspects of a working solar cell, understanding the efficiency limits and design rules

课程概况

The key factor in getting more efficient and cheaper solar energy panels is the advance in the development of photovoltaic cells. In this course you will learn how photovoltaic cells convert solar energy into useable electricity. You will also discover how to tackle potential loss mechanisms in solar cells. By understanding the semiconductor physics and optics involved, you will develop in-depth knowledge of how a photovoltaic cell works under different conditions. You will learn how to model all aspects of a working solar cell. For engineers and scientists working in the photovoltaic industry, this course is an absolute must to understand the opportunities for solar cell innovation.

This course is part of the Solar Energy Engineering MicroMasters Program designed to cover all physics and engineering aspects of photovoltaics: photovoltaic energy conversion, technologies and systems.

We recommend that you complete this course prior to taking the other courses in this MicroMasters program.

课程大纲

Week 1: Introduction
How do solar cells convert solar energy into electrical energy? What are the basic building blocks of a solar cell?
Week 2: Semiconductor Basics

What are semiconductors? What is a band diagram?
Week 3: Generation and Recombination
What are the physics of charge carriers?
EXAM
Week 4: The P-N Junction
What is a diode? How does a diode change when we apply a voltage? What about when we illuminate it with solar energy?
Week 5: Advanced Concepts in Semiconductors
What happens when we connect a semiconductor to a metal? What other types of junctions of semiconductor materials are important for solar cells?
Week 6: Light management 1: Refraction/Dispersion/Refraction
Which optical phenomena are important for solar cells? How can we use them to make sure maximal light is absorbed.
EXAM
Week 7: Light management 2: Light Scattering
Which techniques can we use to scatter light in our solar cell to enhance optical path length?
Week 8: Electrical Losses
Pull all the concepts together to understand how to engineer solar cells.
EXAM

预备知识

Bachelor's degree in Science or Engineering or the successful completion of TU Delft's MOOC Solar Energy.

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