# 渺茫的机会：从头开始的概率

## Fat Chance: Probability from the Ground Up

Increase your quantitative reasoning skills through a deeper understanding of probability and statistics.

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edX
• 完成时间大约为 7
• 初级
• 英语

### 你将学到什么

An increased appreciation for, and reduced fear of, basic probability and statistics

How to solve combinatorial counting problems

How to solve problems using basic and advanced probability

An introductory understanding of the normal distribution and its many statistical applications

An ability to recognize common fallacies in probability, as well as some of the ways in which statistics are abused or simply misunderstood

### 课程概况

Created specifically for those who are new to the study of probability, or for those who are seeking an approachable review of core concepts prior to enrolling in a college-level statistics course, Fat Chance prioritizes the development of a mathematical mode of thought over rote memorization of terms and formulae. Through highly visual lessons and guided practice, this course explores the quantitative reasoning behind probability and the cumulative nature of mathematics by tracing probability and statistics back to a foundation in the principles of counting.

In Modules 1 and 2, you will be introduced to basic counting skills that you will build upon throughout the course. In Module 3, you will apply those skills to simple problems in probability. In Modules 4 through 6, you will explore how those ideas and techniques can be adapted to answer a greater range of probability problems. Lastly, in Module 7, you will be introduced to statistics through the notion of expected value, variance, and the normal distribution. You will see how to use these ideas to approximate probabilities in situations where it is difficult to calculate their exact values.

### 课程大纲

1 Basic Counting

1.1 Counting Numbers
1.2 Large Numbers
1.3 The Multiplication Principle
1.4 More on the Multiplication Principle and Factorials
1.5 The Subtraction Principle

2.1 Counting Collections
2.2 Binomial Coefficients
2.3 Applications of Collections
2.4 Multinomials
2.5 Collections with Repetition

3 Basic Probability

3.1 Flipping Coins
3.2 Rolling Dice
3.3 Playing Poker
3.4 Distributions of Bridge Hands

4 Expected Value

4.1 Expected Value: Chuck-A-Luck
4.2 Expected Value: Slot Machines
4.3 Strategizing

5 Conditional Probability

5.1 The Monty Hall Problem
5.2 Conditional Probability: Set-Up and Examples
5.3 Conditional Probability: Elections

6 Bernoulli Trials

6.1 Bernoulli Trials
6.2 The Gambler's Ruin

7 The Normal Distribution

7.1 Games
7.2 Games: Examples and Variance
7.3 Iterating Games
7.4 The Normal Distribution - Part 1
7.5 The Normal Distribution - Part 2

### 预备知识

High school algebra

### 常见问题

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