比较研究的设计与方法

Comparative Research Designs and Methods

Explore comparative analysis and itsimportance in the social sciences. You’ll learn howto use comparative methods for constructive explanation and theory building and applyit to real-world politics.

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那不勒斯费德里克二世大学
edX
  • 完成时间大约为 6
  • 中级
  • 英语
注:因开课平台的各种因素变化,以上开课日期仅供参考

你将学到什么

An understanding of systematic comparative analysis and why it is more useful than other broad-based statistical methods

How to use systematic comparative analysis for constructive explanation and theory building

How to apply systematic comparative analysis to real-world politics

课程概况

This course is part of the IPSAMOOC project, a joint venture Federica Weblearning – IPSA, the International Political Science Association

Emile Durkheim, one of the founders of modern empirical social science, once stated that the comparative method is the only one that suits the social sciences. But Descartes hadposited that “comparaison n’est pas raison,” which means that comparison is not reason (or theory) by itself. So what’s the right answer?

This course provides an introduction and overview of systematic comparative analysis in the social sciences, and shows you how to use this method for constructive explanation and theory building.

A major portion of the course is devoted to new approaches and software that have been developed in recent yearsto handle highly complex cases. Such cases includecomparisons of EU member states, Latin American political systems,and particular policy areas. Procedures such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and related methods are able to reduce complexity and to arrive at “configurational” solutions based on set theory and Boolean algebra. These are more meaningful in this context thancommonly used, broad-based statistical methods.

Inthe last section, these methods are contrasted with more common statistical comparative methods at the macro-level. We’ll discuss various states or societies and their respective strengths and weaknesses.

预备知识

Basic quantitative or qualitative methodological trainingwill be useful, but participants with little methodological training should find no major obstacles to following the course.

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