# 水力学

## Hydraulics

This Hydraulics course explores the science of hydraulics and focuses on hydrodynamic laws and their applications, which are indispensable and a critical factor in the development and utilization of water resources. 水，是人类生活不可或缺的资源。水力学是人类开发利用水资源的有力工具。本课教你认识和掌握水流静止和运动的力学规律，了解在相关领域的工程应用。

1460 次查看

edX
• 完成时间大约为 10
• 初级
• 中文

### 你将学到什么

Basic concepts and related theories of hydraulics

Innovation consciousness and scientific literacy

How to analyze and solve the hydraulic problems met in practice

### 课程概况

Hydraulics is one of the basic courses of civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering, architecture, and engineering physics. This science focuses on the laws of fluid dynamics and their interactions with the boundaries.

The main objective of this course is to develop the following:

Understanding of the basic concepts and related theories of hydraulics
Innovation consciousness and scientific literacy
Analysis and the ability to solve the hydraulic problems met in practice

The course content focuses on basic theories:

Physical and mechanical properties of fluid
Hydrostatics
Hydrokinematics
Hydrodynamics
Dimensional analysis and similitude
Flow resistance and energy loss

Hydraulics will expose you to important and interesting applications of mathematics and mechanics in engineering. You’ll participate in experiments and view videos in this class. If you take this course, you will not only gain expertise, but also have fun and know more about the nature about hydraulics in a fun and engaging way.

《水力学》是水利、土木、环境、建筑和工程物理等相关专业的技术基础课，它以水为主要对象研究流体运动的规律以及流体与边界的相互作用。本课程的主要任务是培养学生在三个方面的知识与能力：(1) 掌握水力学基本概念和基本理论；(2) 培养创新意识和科学素养；(3) 培养分析和解决工程实际中水力学问题的能力和实验技能。课程内容包括：基础部分、专题部分和实验部分。基础部分：1.流体的物理力学性质；2.静力学；3.运动学；4.动力学基础；5.量纲分析和相似理论；6.流动阻力和能量损失。专题部分：1.有旋流动和有势流动；2.边界层理论基础与绕流运动；3.孔口、管嘴出流有压管流。实验部分：包括常规教学实验和设计型（创新）实验。

### 预备知识

Calculus, or higher mathematics

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